Peer review is ‘a process where scientists (“peers”) evaluate the quality of other scientists’ work. By doing this, they aim to ensure the work is rigorous, coherent, uses past research and adds to what we already know.’ You can learn more in this explainer from the Social Science Space.
Peer review brings academic research to publication in the following ways:
To learn more about the different types of peer review, see page 14 of ‘The Nuts and Bolts of Peer Review’ from Sense about Science.
Please double check the manuscript submission guidelines of the journal you are reviewing in order to ensure that you understand the method of peer review being used.