Trauma is a peer-reviewed scholarly journal which brings together a wide range of topics of interest to all those involved in the management of trauma patients, stimulating debate as well as providing a vital reference source for busy clinicians. It publishes high quality reviews, original research and opinion pieces as well as general interest articles.
Trauma is essential for all personnel involved in the care of victims of trauma, enabling the busy professional to maintain an overall awareness of current practice, future developments, and areas of special interest or controversy.
This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).
Trauma is a peer-reviewed scholarly journal which brings together a wide range of topics of interest to all those involved in the management of trauma patients, stimulating debate as well as providing a vital reference source for busy clinicians.
Authoritative reviews of all aspects of trauma care are included:
- Prevention through prehospital management
- Accident and emergency medicine
- Anaesthetics and intensive care
- Physical and psychiatric rehabilitation
Written by distinguished authors and peer-reviewed by international experts, articles range from major reviews providing definitive commentary on a wide spectrum of subjects, to shorter features examining current controversies. It also publishes original research, case reports with an educational value, opinion pieces and personal views as well as general trauma interest articles.
Trauma is essential for all personnel involved in the care of victims of trauma, enabling the busy professional to maintain an overall awareness of current practice, future developments, and areas of special interest or controversy.
|Jeff Garner, MD, FRCSEd(Gen Surg)||Rotherham Foundation Trust, UK|
|AbdulRahman Alvi, MBBS, MRCS, FRCR||King AbdulAziz Medical City, Riyadh Saudi Arabia|
|Joe Baker, MBChB, PG DipSportsMed, MCh, FRCSI||Waikato Hospital, New Zealand|
|David ben Ari, MBBS, DESA||Shaare Zedek Medical Center and Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel|
|Damian Clarke, FCS(SA), PhD, MBA||Academic Head of Trauma, Pietermaritzburg South Africa|
|Paul Fenton, MBChB, FRCS (Tr&Orth)||University Hospitals Birmingham, UK|
|Ben Fischer, FRCS (Tr&Orth)||Aintree University Hospitals, Liverpool UK|
|Adel Helmy, FRCS(SN), PhD||Addenbrookes Hospital, Cambridge, UK|
|Rob James, FRCEM, FIMC, RCSEd, AICSM||Derriford Hospital, Plymouth and Royal Centre for Defence Medicine|
|Mansoor Khan, PhD, MBA, FRCS||University Hospitals Sussex NHSFT, Brighton, UK|
|Victor Kong, ChM, MD, PhD, FRACS||University of KwaZulu Natal, South Africa|
|Niall Martin, FRCS(Plast)||St Andrews Burns Unit, Chelmsford UK|
|Simon Mercer, MBChB, FRCA, MMEd, PhD||Aintree University Hospitals, Liverpool, UK|
|Biswadev Mitra, MBBS, PhD, FACEM||Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Australia|
|James V. O'Connor, MD FACS||R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center, University of Maryland Medical System, USA|
|John Oh, MD||Pennsylvania State Medical Center, USA|
|Frank Plani, MD, FCS (SA), FRACS||Chris Hani Baragwanath Academic Hospital, South Africa|
|Joe Rabin, MD, MS||R Cowley Adam Shock Trauma Centre, Baltimore, USA|
|Mark Regi, MBBS, MRCS, FRCR||Sheffield Teaching Hospitals, UK|
|Ian Sammy, MBBS (UWI), FRCEM(UK)||Scarborough General Hospital, Trinidad and Tobago|
|Rob Scott, MBBS, FRCS(Ed), FRCOphth DM||Edgbaston Eye Clinic, Birmingham, UK|
|Tim Stansfield, FRCS MSc||Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, UK|
|Kevin Tsang, MBBS, MRCS(Eng), FRCS(SN)||Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, London, UK|
|Mark Wilson, MBBChir, PhD, FRCS (SN), FIMC, MRCA||Imperial College London, UK|
|Kenneth Boffard, MB, FRCS, FRCS(Edin), FRCPS (Glas), FCS(SA), FACS||Johannesburg Hospital and University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa|
|Karim Brohi, FRCS, FRCA||Barts and the London School of Medicine, UK|
|Howard Champion, MD||University of Maryland, USA|
|Demetrios Demetriades, MD, PhD||University of Southern California, USA|
|Ian Greaves, FRCEM, FRCP, FRCSEd, FIMC, FASI, DTM&H, DMCC DipMedEd||The James Cook University Hospital, UK|
|Anne Hicks, FCEM||Derriford Hospital, Plymouth, UK|
|R Jacques, MSc, PhD, FHEA||School of Health & Related Research, University of Sheffield, UK (Statistical Advisor)|
|Ari Leppaniemi, MD, PhD, DMCC||Helsinki University Hospital, Finland|
|Kunihiro Mashiko, MD||Nippon Medical School, Tokyo, Japan|
|Kenneth Mattox, MD, FACS||Baylor College of Medicine, USA|
|Chris Moran, MBChB, FRCS (Tr&Orth)||Nottingham University Hospital, UK|
|David Nott, OBE, OStJ, FRCS||St Marys Hospital, UK|
|Martijn Poeze, MD, PhD, MSc||Masstricht University Medical Centre, Netherlands|
|Keith Porter, FRCSEng, FRCSEd, FIMCRCSEd, FSEM, FRCGP, FRSA||Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham, UK|
|Max Ramenofsky, MD||State University of New York at Albany, USA|
|Norman Rich, MD, FACS, DMCC||Uniformed Services University of Health Sciences, Bethesda, USA|
|Daniel Rignault, MD, FACS||Uniformed Services University of Health Sciences, Bethesda, USA|
|Jason Smith, MBBS, MSc, MD, FRCP, FRCEM||Royal Centre for Defence Medicine, UK|
|Richard Williams, OBE, MBChB, FRCPsych, FRCPCH||Welsh Institute for Health and Social Care, University of South Wales, UK|
Manuscript Submission Guidelines: Trauma
This Journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics
This Journal recommends that authors follow the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals formulated by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE).
Please read the guidelines below then visit the Journal’s submission site https://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/trauma to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned.
Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of Trauma will be reviewed.
There are no fees payable to submit or publish in this journal.
As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you.
- What do we publish?
1.1 Aims & Scope
1.2 Article types
1.3 Writing your paper
- Editorial policies
2.1 Peer review policy
2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests
2.6 Research ethics and patient consent
2.7 Clinical trials
2.8 Reporting guidelines
- Publishing policies
3.1 Publication ethics
3.2 Contributor's publishing agreement
3.3 Open access and author archiving
- Preparing your manuscript
4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
4.3 Supplementary material
4.4 Reference style
4.5 English language editing services
- Submitting your manuscript
5.2 Information required for completing your submission
- On acceptance and publication
6.1 SAGE Production
6.2 Online First publication
6.3 Access to your published article
6.4 Promoting your article
- Further information
Before submitting your manuscript to Trauma, please ensure you have read the Aims & Scope.
Manuscripts are considered for publication with the understanding that they have not been published previously and are not under consideration by another publication.
Trauma accepts editorials, personal views and debate articles, reviews (both systematic and narrative), original research, case reports, and a variety of short interest pieces. All submitted work should have the article title only and no identifiable features in the main manuscript.
Headings: In dividing articles under headings, please grade the headings by writing A, B, or C in the margin:
A - subheading
B - subsubheading
C – subsubsubheading
Please avoid using more than three levels of subheading.
All manuscripts should be written in MS Word (v2003 or later), in Arial font, double spaced with adequate margins all round. Each table should be numbered in Arabic numerals and appear in the text at the appropriate point unless size necessitates submission as a separate document. Titles and legends for tables should appear with the table.
Editorials are normally commissioned by the editors. Readers with ideas for editorials should contact the editorial office on firstname.lastname@example.org to discuss further
Personal Views and Debates
Trauma is keen to encourage debate on controversial areas of trauma care and welcomes articles in these categories. The editors may send a Personal view out to generate an opposing view for debate. Either article should aim to be no more than 2000 words with a maximum of 20 references
Original papers and major reviews
A structured abstract should be included, comprising approximately 250 words. Between three and six key words are also required. Reviews should state whether they are a narrative or systematic review and the use of the PRISMA guidelines (http://www.prisma-statement.org) and an article identification flowchart is encouraged. Word count: 3000 for original papers and 5000 for major reviews.
Case reports should have a demonstrable educational benefit rather than just fascination and the manuscript should be written to highlight the lessons learned by the authors.
Reports should not normally exceed 1300 words and include no more than 3 tables or figures and 12 references. There should be an unstructured abstract, an introduction, case report, discussion and reference list. High quality images will enhance the chances of a case report being accepted.
Trauma requires authors to submit written informed consent from patients for the publication of case reports, regardless of whether there are potential identifiers in the manuscript and/or figures. An opportunity will be given to all authors to explain why consent was not required, however the Editors reserve the right to withdraw any manuscript that does not conform to these requirements.
Cases not felt suitable for publication as a full case report may be offered the opportunity of publication as a ‘Trauma Snapshot’ (see below)
Short Interest Articles
- Best Bets – commissioned but ideas for topics are welcome
- Education & Training – 1000 word review of trauma courses or conferences
- Trauma Pioneers – 1500 words (and up to 3 images) on famous trauma pioneers. Please check with the editorial office first to ensure no duplication. Highlight the individual’s key contributions to trauma care
- Trauma Victims – 1500 words (and up to 3 images) on famous victims of trauma. Focus on the aspects of the trauma and its treatment rather than general biography as much as possible. Please check with the editorial office first to ensure no duplication. Highlight the individual’s key contributions to trauma care
- Letters and Book reviews - commissioned
- Trauma Snapshots – up to 300 words, 2 high quality images and 3 references highlighting an interesting feature of trauma.
The SAGE Author Gateway has some general advice and on how to get published, plus links to further resources.
1.3.1 Make your article discoverable
When writing up your paper, think about how you can make it discoverable. The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article through search engines such as Google. For information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords, have a look at this page on the Gateway: How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online.
Trauma publishes original work and commissioned reviews. Trauma operates a double-blind reviewing policy in which the reviewers and authors are unaware of each other's identities. All manuscripts accepted for publication are subject to editing for presentation, style and grammar. Any major redrafting is agreed with the author but the Editor's decision on the text is final.
Referees will be encouraged to provide substantive, constructive reviews that provide suggestions for improving the work and distinguish between mandatory and non-mandatory recommendations.
At the end of every accepted editorial, research article, review and case report, Trauma will add a statement explaining the article's provenance, which will be one of the following four options:
Commissioned, externally peer reviewed
Commissioned, not externally peer reviewed
Not commissioned, externally peer reviewed
Not commissioned, not externally peer reviewed
Please note that contributions not reviewed externally are always reviewed internally by Trauma's editorial team.
On occasions where the manuscript is authored/co-authored by a member of the journals board/editorial team the article is dealt with away from the board member and follows the same double-blind reviewing policy as all manuscripts submitted into the journal.
As part of the submission process you will be asked to provide the names of peers who could be called upon to review your manuscript. Recommended reviewers should be experts in their fields and should be able to provide an objective assessment of the manuscript. Please be aware of any conflicts of interest when recommending reviewers. Examples of conflicts of interest include (but are not limited to) the below:
- The reviewer should have no prior knowledge of your submission
- The reviewer should not have recently collaborated with any of the authors
- Reviewer nominees from the same institution as any of the authors are not permitted
Please note that the Editors are not obliged to invite any recommended/opposed reviewers to assess your manuscript.
**Please note that all manuscripts should be accompanied by a seperate document entitled 'Declarations'.**
Please read the Declarations guidelines for authors, available here carefully before submitting your Declarations document.
This should be submitted under the file designation ‘Declarations’. This must include each of the below headings with the corresponding information. Please note that manuscripts which do not include these Declarations will be returned. These headings will be published at the end of every accepted manuscript, where one of these headings is not applicable please indicate as such under the heading.
1. Conflicting interests
3. Informed consent
4. Ethical approval
Example of a completed Declarations document:
Conflicting interests: MS is an employee of XXX. BF has received grants from XXX.
Funding: This work was supported by the Medical Research Council [grant number XXX]
Informed consent: Written informed consent was obtained from the patient(s) for their anonymized information to be published in this article.
Ethical approval: Ethical approval for this study was obtained from *NAME OF ETHICS COMMITTEE OR INSTITUTIONAL REVIEW BOARD (APPROVAL NUMBER/ID)*.
Contributorship: BF and NP researched literature and conceived the study. MS was involved in protocol development, gaining ethical approval, patient recruitment and data analysis. BF wrote the first draft of the manuscript. All authors reviewed and edited the manuscript and approved the final version of the manuscript
Acknowledgements: We would like to thank XXX XXXX for his assistance and guidance in this research.
Please read the following information carefully for additional information regarding these declarations.
Papers should only be submitted for consideration once consent is given by all contributing authors. Those submitting papers should carefully check that all those whose work contributed to the paper are acknowledged as contributing authors.
The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. This is all those who:
- Made a substantial contribution to the concept or design of the work; or acquisition, analysis or interpretation of data,
- Drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content,
- Approved the version to be published,
- Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.
Authors should meet the conditions of all of the points above. When a large, multicentre group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship.
Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship, although all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section. Please refer to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) authorship guidelines for more information on authorship.
All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.
Please supply any personal acknowledgements separately to the main text to facilitate anonymous peer review.
2.3.1 Third party submissions
Where an individual who is not listed as an author submits a manuscript on behalf of the author(s), a statement must be included in the Acknowledgements section of the manuscript and in the accompanying cover letter. The statements must:
- Disclose this type of editorial assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input
- Identify any entities that paid for this assistance
- Confirm that the listed authors have authorized the submission of their manuscript via third party and approved any statements or declarations, e.g. conflicting interests, funding, etc.
Where appropriate, SAGE reserves the right to deny consideration to manuscripts submitted by a third party rather than by the authors themselves.
2.3.2 Writing assistance
Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communications company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance. It is not necessary to disclose use of language polishing services.
Trauma requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading. Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.
It is the policy of Trauma to require a declaration of conflicting interests from all authors enabling a statement to be carried within the paginated pages of all published articles.
Please ensure that a ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’ statement is included at the end of your manuscript, after any acknowledgements and prior to the references. If no conflict exists, please state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’. For guidance on conflict of interest statements, please see the ICMJE recommendations here.
Medical research involving human subjects must be conducted according to the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki.
Submitted manuscripts should conform to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, and all papers reporting animal and/or human studies must state in the methods section that the relevant Ethics Committee or Institutional Review Board provided (or waived) approval. Please ensure that you have provided the full name and institution of the review committee, in addition to the approval number.
For research articles, authors are also required to state in the methods section whether participants provided informed consent and whether the consent was written or verbal.
Information on informed consent to report individual cases or case series should be included in the manuscript text. A statement is required regarding whether written informed consent for patient information and images to be published was provided by the patient(s) or a legally authorized representative.
Please also refer to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Protection of Research Participants.
Trauma conforms to the ICMJE requirement that clinical trials are registered in a WHO-approved public trials registry at or before the time of first patient enrolment as a condition of consideration for publication. The trial registry name and URL, and registration number must be included at the end of the abstract. However, consistent with the AllTrials campaign, retrospectively registered trials will be considered if the justification for late registration is acceptable. The trial registry name and URL, and registration number must be included at the end of the abstract.
The relevant EQUATOR Network reporting guidelines should be followed depending on the type of study. For example, all randomized controlled trials submitted for publication should include a completed CONSORT flow chart as a cited figure and the completed CONSORT checklist should be uploaded with your submission as a supplementary file. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses should include the completed PRISMA flow chart as a cited figure and the completed PRISMA checklist should be uploaded with your submission as a supplementary file. The EQUATOR wizard can help you identify the appropriate guideline.
Other resources can be found at NLM’s Research Reporting Guidelines and Initiatives.
SAGE acknowledges the importance of research data availability as an integral part of the research and verification process for academic journal articles.
Trauma requests all authors submitting any primary data used in their research articles to be published in the online version of the journal, or provide detailed information in their articles on how the data can be obtained. This information should include links to third-party data repositories or detailed contact information for third-party data sources. Data available only on an author-maintained website will need to be loaded onto either the journal’s platform or a third-party platform to ensure continuing accessibility. Examples of data types include but are not limited to statistical data files, replication code, text files, audio files, images, videos, appendices, and additional charts and graphs necessary to understand the original research. The editors may consider limited embargoes on proprietary data. The editors can also grant exceptions for data that cannot legally or ethically be released. All data submitted should comply with Institutional or Ethical Review Board requirements and applicable government regulations. For further information, please contact the editorial office at email@example.com
SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway.
Trauma and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.
3.1.2 Prior publication
If material has been previously published it is not generally acceptable for publication in a SAGE journal. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be considered for publication. Please refer to the guidance on the SAGE Author Gateway or if in doubt, contact the Editor at the address given below.
Before publication, SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. SAGE’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants SAGE the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than SAGE. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit the SAGE Author Gateway.
Trauma offers optional open access publishing via the SAGE Choice programme. For more information on Open Access publishing options at SAGE please visit SAGE Open Access. For information on funding body compliance, and depositing your article in repositories, please visit SAGE’s Author Archiving and Re-Use Guidelines and Publishing Policies.
The preferred format for your manuscript is Word. LaTeX files are also accepted. Word and (La)Tex templates are available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author Gateway.
For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines.
Figures supplied in colour will appear in colour online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in colour in the printed version. For specifically requested colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from SAGE after receipt of your accepted article.
This journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, podcasts, videos, images etc) alongside the full-text of the article. For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplementary files.
Trauma adheres to the SAGE Vancouver reference style. View the SAGE Vancouver guidelines to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style.
Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the journal’s specifications should consider using SAGE Language Services. Visit SAGE Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.
Trauma is hosted on SAGE Track, a web based online submission and peer review system powered by ScholarOne™ Manuscripts. Visit https://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/trauma to login and submit your article online.
IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created. For further guidance on submitting your manuscript online please visit ScholarOne Online Help.
As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process SAGE is a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID. ORCID provides a unique and persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher, even those who share the same name, and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities, ensuring that their work is recognized.
The collection of ORCID iDs from corresponding authors is now part of the submission process of this journal. If you already have an ORCID iD you will be asked to associate that to your submission during the online submission process. We also strongly encourage all co-authors to link their ORCID ID to their accounts in our online peer review platforms. It takes seconds to do: click the link when prompted, sign into your ORCID account and our systems are automatically updated. Your ORCID iD will become part of your accepted publication’s metadata, making your work attributable to you and only you. Your ORCID iD is published with your article so that fellow researchers reading your work can link to your ORCID profile and from there link to your other publications.
You will be asked to provide contact details and academic affiliations for all co-authors via the submission system and identify who is to be the corresponding author. These details must match what appears on your manuscript. At this stage please ensure you have included all the required statements and declarations and uploaded any additional supplementary files (including reporting guidelines where relevant).
Please also ensure that you have obtained any necessary permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please see the Copyright and Permissions page on the SAGE Author Gateway.
Your SAGE Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be sent by PDF to the corresponding author and should be returned promptly. Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate. Please note that if there are any changes to the author list at this stage all authors will be required to complete and sign a form authorising the change.
Online First allows final articles (completed and approved articles awaiting assignment to a future issue) to be published online prior to their inclusion in a journal issue, which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. Visit the SAGE Journals help page for more details, including how to cite Online First articles.
SAGE provides authors with online access to their final article.
Publication is not the end of the process! You can help disseminate your paper and ensure it is as widely read and cited as possible. The SAGE Author Gateway has numerous resources to help you promote your work. Visit the Promote Your Article page on the Gateway for tips and advice. In addition, SAGE is partnered with Kudos, a free service that allows authors to explain, enrich, share, and measure the impact of their article. Find out how to maximise your article’s impact with Kudos.
Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to the Trauma editorial office as follows: