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Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh

Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh

Published in Association with Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
Other Titles in:
Clinical Medicine | Scotland

eISSN: 20428189 | ISSN: 14782715 | Current volume: 52 | Current issue: 2

The Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh (JRCPE) is a scholarly, peer reviewed, international scientific journal with three main emphases – clinical medicine, education and medical history and humanities.

JRCPE publishes Reports of Original Research, including audits, ?Cases Reports and Images in Medicine (investigation findings of general interest with images), Medical history and humanities, Letters to the Editor. The JRCPE is currently indexed by MEDLINE, Embase, Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, EBSCO and Google Scholar.

Published quarterly, JRCPE is the official of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh.

Aims and scope: The Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh (JRCPE) is a scholarly, peer reviewed, international scientific journal with three main emphases – clinical medicine, education and medical history and humanities.

The journal’s aims are:
- To facilitate medical education through the publication and dissemination of quality original research papers.
- To publish a range of clinical, educational and historical material of cross-specialty interest to our international readership.
- To welcome submissions from a wide range of authors (not just Fellows and Members of the College), provided the paper has relevance to a general medical audience.
- Promote general medicine and enable physicians to keep up to date with developments in other specialties, particularly those which may impact upon their practice.

JRCPE publishes Reports of Original Research, including audits, ?Cases Reports and Images in Medicine (investigation findings of general interest with images), Medical history and humanities, Letters to the Editor.

Published quarterly, JRCPE is the official of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh.

Editor in Chief
Graeme P. Currie Aberdeen Royal Infirmary, Scotland
Deputy Editor
Dr Durga Misra Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences (SGPGIMS), India
Associate Clinical Editor
Dr Yeong Yeh Lee Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia
Dr Alisdair McNeill The University of Sheffield, UK
Dr Durga Misra Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences (SGPGIMS), India
Education Editor
Molly Mary Thabah Jawaharlal Institute of Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), India
Associate Education Editor
Dr Ian Chan The University of Hong Kong, China
Umesh Dashora East Sussex Healthcare NHS Trust, England
History and Medical Humanities Editor
Dr Allan Beveridge Retired – based in Edinburgh, Scotland
History and Medical Humanities Associate Editor
Professor Al Dowie The University of Glasgow, Scotland

Manuscript Submission Guidelines: The Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh

This Journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics

This Journal recommends that authors follow the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals formulated by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE).

Please read the guidelines below then visit The Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh’s submission site https://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/rcpe to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned. Remember you can log in to the submission site at any time to check on the progress of your paper through the peer review process.

SAGE Publishing disseminates high-quality research and engaged scholarship globally, and we are committed to diversity and inclusion in publishing. We encourage submissions from a diverse range of authors from across all countries and backgrounds.

Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of The Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh will be reviewed.

There are no fees payable to submit or publish in this Journal.

As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you, that you are submitting the work for first publication in The Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere. Please see our guidelines on prior publication and please note that The Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh does not accept submissions of papers that have been posted on preprint servers.

If you have any questions about publishing with SAGE, please visit the SAGE Journal Solutions Portal.

  1. What do we publish?
    1.1 Aims & Scope
    1.2 Article types
    1.3 Writing your paper
  2. Editorial policies
    2.1 Peer review policy
    2.2 Authorship
    2.3 Acknowledgements
    2.4 Funding
    2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests
    2.6 Research ethics and patient consent
    2.7 Clinical trials
    2.8 Reporting guidelines
    2.9 Research Data
  3. Publishing policies
    3.1 Publication ethics
    3.2 Contributor's publishing agreement
    3.3 Open access and author archiving
  4. Preparing your manuscript
    4.1 Formatting
    4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
    4.3 Identifiable information
    4.4 Supplemental material
    4.5 Reference style
    4.6 English language editing services
  5. Submitting your manuscript
    5.1 ORCID
    5.2 Information required for completing your submission
    5.3 Permissions
  6. On acceptance and publication
    6.1 SAGE Production
    6.2 Online First publication
    6.3 Access to your published article
    6.4 Promoting your article
  7. Further information
    7.1 Appealing the publication decision

 

1. What do we publish?

1.1 Aims & Scope

Before submitting your manuscript to The Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh, please ensure you have read the Aims & Scope:

Journal aims

  • To facilitate medical education through the publication and dissemination of quality original research papers.
  • To publish a range of clinical, educational and historical material of cross-specialty interest to our international readership.
  • To welcome submissions from a wide range of authors (not just Fellows and Members of the College), provided the paper has relevance to a general medical audience.
  • Promote general medicine and enable physicians to keep up to date with developments in other specialties, particularly those which may impact upon their practice.

1.2 Article Types

Editorial

  • Word limit: 1,000 words (excluding references).
  • References: 15 or less
  • Tables/Figures: 1–2

Clinical Opinion

  • Word limit: 1,500 words (excluding references)
  • References: 15 or less
  • Tables/Figures: 1–2
  • Section headings: Summary, Opinion

Review

  • Systematic reviews are considered and should conform to the PRISMA guidelines (http://www.equator-network.org/reportingguidelines/prisma/)
  • Word limit: 3,500 words (excluding abstract and references)
  • References: 50 or less
  • Abstract: 150 words
  • Keywords
  • Tables/Figures: no limit, but data in text should not be repeated extensively in tables or figures

Topical Review

  • Word limit: 1,500 words (excluding references and abstracts)
  • References: 20 or less
  • Abstract: 150 words
  • Keywords
  • Tables/Figures: one is mandatory (up to two) figures/ tables, which must be original and not reproduced from other sources
  • Key messages: 2–5 short summary bullet points

Perspective

  • Word limit: 2,500 words (excluding abstract and references)
  • References: 50 or less
  • Abstract: 150 words
  • Keywords
  • Tables/Figures: no limit, but data in text should not be repeated extensively in tables or figures

Original Research Paper

  • Word limit: 3,000 words (excluding abstract and references)
  • References: 40 or less
  • Abstract: 150 words, structured (see ‘Abstract’ section)
  • Keywords
  • Tables/Figures: up to 4–5, but data in text should not be repeated extensively in tables or figures
  • Section headings: Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion

 Brief Research Paper

  • Word limit: 1,500 words (excluding abstract and references)
  • References: 15 or less
  • Abstract: 150 words, structured (see ‘Abstract’ section)
  • Keywords
  • Tables/Figures: 1–2
  • Section headings: Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion

Case Report

  • Word limit: 1,500 words (excluding abstract and references)
  • References: 15 or less
  • Abstract: 150 words
  • Keywords
  • Tables/Figures: 1–2
  • Sections headings: Introduction, Case Presentation, Discussion, Conclusion

Case-Based Review

  • Word limit: 2,000 words (excluding abstract and references)
  • References: 20 or less
  • Abstract: 150 words
  • Keywords
  • Tables/Figures: 1–4, data in text should not be repeated extensively in tables or figures
  • Section headings: Introduction, Case Presentation, Discussion, Conclusion

Images of the Quarter

  • Word limit: 750 words (excluding references)
  • References: 6 or less
  • Keywords
  • Tables/Figures: no tables, and no more than 2 figures
  • No subheadings

History and Medical Humanities Paper

  • Word limit: 5,000 (excluding abstract and references)
  • Abstract: 150 words
  • References: 40 or less
  • Keywords
  • Tables/Figures: 4–5

Letter to the Editor

  • should have a title and no more than four authors.
  • Word limit: 500 words (excluding references)
  • References: 6 or less
  • Tables/Figures: 1 table or 1 figure
  • Begin with “Dear Editor”
  • No subheadings

Abstracts: An abstract should be a short summary of the paper and be no more than 150 words in length. No references should be included in the abstract. For Original Research Papers and Brief Research Papers, structured abstracts are required using the following:

headings:

  • Background
  • Methods
  • Results
  • Discussion

Keywords: Up to six key words should be provided for each paper. These should be key terms used in the paper and will aid search engine results

References: should follow the Vancouver format.

It is the author’s responsibility to ensure the accuracy of the references.

References should appear in the text, tables and figure captions as numbers within square brackets after punctuation in order of appearance. All references must appear in the both the text and reference list. A reference cited in a table or figure caption counts as being cited at the end of the main text. The reference list should be included at the end of the manuscript.

The titles of journals should be abbreviated according to the style used for MEDLINE: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nlmcatalog/journals.

1.3 Writing your paper

The SAGE Author Gateway has some general advice and on how to get published, plus links to further resources.

1.3.1 Make your article discoverable

For information and guidance on how to make your article more discoverable, visit our Gateway page on: How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online.

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2. Editorial policies

2.1 Peer review policy

The Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh adheres to an anonymised peer review process in which the reviewer’s name is routinely withheld from the author unless the reviewer requests a preference for their identity to be revealed.

SAGE does not permit the use of author-suggested (recommended) reviewers at any stage of the submission process, be that through the web-based submission system or other communication.

Reviewers should be experts in their fields and should be able to provide an objective assessment of the manuscript. Our policy is that reviewers should not be assigned to a paper if:

  • The reviewer is based at the same institution as any of the co-authors.
  • The reviewer is based at the funding body of the paper.
  • The author has recommended the reviewer.
  • The reviewer has provided a personal (e.g. Gmail/Yahoo/Hotmail) email account and an institutional email account cannot be found after performing a basic Google search (name, department and institution).

The Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh is committed to delivering high quality, fast peer-review for your paper, and as such has partnered with Publons. Publons is a third-party service that seeks to track, verify and give credit for peer review. Reviewers for The Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh can opt in to Publons in order to claim their reviews or have them automatically verified and added to their reviewer profile. Reviewers claiming credit for their review will be associated with the relevant journal, but the article name, reviewer’s decision and the content of their review is not published on the site. For more information visit the Publons website.

The Editor or members of the Editorial Board may occasionally submit their own manuscripts for possible publication in The Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh. In these cases, the peer review process will be managed by alternative members of the Board and the submitting Editor/Board member will have no involvement in the decision-making process.

2.2 Authorship

Papers should only be submitted for consideration once consent is given by all contributing authors. Those submitting papers should carefully check that all those whose work contributed to the paper are acknowledged as contributing authors.

The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. This is all those who:

  1. Made a substantial contribution to the concept or design of the work; or acquisition, analysis or interpretation of data,
  2. Drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content,
  3. Approved the version to be published,

Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.

Authors should meet the conditions of all of the points above. When a large, multicentre group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship.

Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship, although all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section. Please refer to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) authorship guidelines for more information on authorship.

2.3 Acknowledgements

All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.

Any acknowledgements should appear first at the end of your article prior to your Declaration of Conflicting Interests (if applicable), any notes and your References.

Per ICMJE recommendations, it is best practice to obtain consent from non-author contributors who you are acknowledging in your paper.

2.3.1 Third party submissions

Where an individual who is not listed as an author submits a manuscript on behalf of the author(s), a statement must be included in the Acknowledgements section of the manuscript and in the accompanying cover letter. The statements must:

  • Disclose this type of editorial assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input
  • Identify any entities that paid for this assistance
  • Confirm that the listed authors have authorized the submission of their manuscript via third party and approved any statements or declarations, e.g. conflicting interests, funding, etc.

Where appropriate, SAGE reserves the right to deny consideration to manuscripts submitted by a third party rather than by the authors themselves.

2.3.2 Writing assistance

Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communications company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance. It is not necessary to disclose use of language polishing services.

2.4 Funding

The Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading.  Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. 

2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests

It is the policy of The Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh to require a declaration of conflicting interests from all authors enabling a statement to be carried within the paginated pages of all published articles.

Please ensure that a ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’ statement is included at the end of your manuscript, after any acknowledgements and prior to the references. If no conflict exists, please state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’. For guidance on conflict of interest statements, please see the ICMJE recommendations here.

2.6 Research ethics and patient consent

Medical research involving human subjects must be conducted according to the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki.

Submitted manuscripts should conform to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, and all papers reporting animal and/or human studies must state in the methods section that the relevant ethics committee or institutional review board provided (or waived) approval. Please ensure that you have provided the full name and institution of the review committee, in addition to the approval number.

For research articles, authors are also required to state in the methods section whether participants provided informed consent and whether the consent was written or verbal.

Information on informed consent to report individual cases or case series should be included in the manuscript text. A statement is required regarding whether written informed consent for patient information and images to be published was provided by the patient(s) or a legally authorized representative. Please do not submit the patient’s actual written informed consent with your article, as this in itself breaches the patient’s confidentiality. The Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh requests that you confirm to us, in writing, that you have obtained written informed consent but the written consent itself should be held by the authors/investigators themselves, for example in a patient’s hospital record. The confirmatory letter may be uploaded with your submission as a separate file.

Please also refer to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Protection of Research Participants.

For animal subjects authors should indicate whether institutional and national standards for the care and use of laboratory animals were followed.

2.7 Clinical trials

The Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh conforms to the ICMJE requirement that clinical trials are registered in a WHO-approved public trials registry at or before the time of first patient enrolment as a condition of consideration for publication. The trial registry name and URL, and registration number must be included at the end of the abstract.

2.8 Reporting guidelines

The relevant EQUATOR Network reporting guidelines should be followed depending on the type of study. For example, all randomized controlled trials submitted for publication should include a completed CONSORT flow chart as a cited figure and the completed CONSORT checklist should be uploaded with your submission as a supplementary file. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses should include the completed PRISMA flow chart as a cited figure and the completed PRISMA checklist should be uploaded with your submission as a supplementary file. The EQUATOR wizard can help you identify the appropriate guideline. If your research involves animals, you will be asked to confirm that you have carefully read and adhered to the ARRIVE guidelines.

Other resources can be found at NLM’s Research Reporting Guidelines and Initiatives.

2.9 Research data

The Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh is committed to facilitating openness, transparency and reproducibility of research, and has the following research data sharing policy. For more information, including FAQs please visit the SAGE Research Data policy pages

Subject to appropriate ethical and legal considerations, authors are encouraged to:

  • Share your research data in a relevant public data repository
  • Include a data availability statement linking to your data. If it is not possible to share your data, use the statement to confirm why it cannot be shared.
  • Cite this data in your research

Peer reviewers may be asked to peer review the research data prior to publication.

  • Peer reviewers may be asked to assess compliance with the research data policy
  • Peer reviewers may be asked to assess research data files

If you need to anonymize your research data for peer review, please refer to our Research Data Sharing FAQs for guidance.

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3. Publishing Policies

3.1 Publication ethics

SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway.

3.1.1 Plagiarism

The Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of The Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarized other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

3.1.2 Prior publication

If material has been previously published it is not generally acceptable for publication in a SAGE journal. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be considered for publication. Please refer to the guidance on the SAGE Author Gateway or if in doubt, contact the Editor at the address given below.

3.2 Contributor's publishing agreement

Before publication, SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. SAGE’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants SAGE the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than SAGE. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit the SAGE Author Gateway.

3.3 Open access and author archiving

The Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh offers optional open access publishing via the SAGE Choice programme. For more information on Open Access publishing options at SAGE please visit SAGE Open Access. For information on funding body compliance, and depositing your article in repositories, please visit SAGE’s Author Archiving and Re-Use Guidelines and Publishing Policies.

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4. Preparing your manuscript for submission

4.1 Formatting

The preferred format for your manuscript is Word. LaTeX files are also accepted. A LaTex template is available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author Gateway.

4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics

For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines.

Figures supplied in colour will appear in colour online and in the print issue. There is no charge for reproducing figures in colour in the printed version.

4.3 Supplemental material

This journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, podcasts, videos, images etc) alongside the full-text of the article. For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplementary files.

4.4 Reference style

The Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh adheres to the SAGE Vancouver reference style. View the SAGE Vancouver guidelines to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style.

If you use EndNote to manage references, you can download the SAGE Vancouver EndNote output file.

4.5 English language editing services

Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit The Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh’s specifications should consider using SAGE Language Services. Visit SAGE Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.

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5. Submitting your manuscript

The Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh is hosted on SAGE Track, a web based online submission and peer review system powered by ScholarOne™ Manuscripts. Visit https://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/rcpe to login and submit your article online.

IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for The Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created.  For further guidance on submitting your manuscript online please visit ScholarOne Online Help.

5.1 ORCID

As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process SAGE is a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID. ORCID provides a unique and persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher, even those who share the same name, and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities, ensuring that their work is recognized.

The collection of ORCID iDs from corresponding authors is now part of the submission process of this journal. If you already have an ORCID iD you will be asked to associate that to your submission during the online submission process. We also strongly encourage all co-authors to link their ORCID ID to their accounts in our online peer review platforms. It takes seconds to do: click the link when prompted, sign into your ORCID account and our systems are automatically updated. Your ORCID iD will become part of your accepted publication’s metadata, making your work attributable to you and only you. Your ORCID iD is published with your article so that fellow researchers reading your work can link to your ORCID profile and from there link to your other publications.

If you do not already have an ORCID iD please follow this link to create one or visit our ORCID homepage to learn more.

5.2 Information required for completing your submission

You will be asked to provide contact details and academic affiliations for all co-authors via the submission system and identify who is to be the corresponding author. These details must match what appears on your manuscript. The affiliation listed in the manuscript should be the institution where the research was conducted. If an author has moved to a new institution since completing the research, the new affiliation can be included in a manuscript note at the end of the paper. At this stage please ensure you have included all the required statements and declarations and uploaded any additional supplementary files (including reporting guidelines where relevant).

5.3 Permissions

Please also ensure that you have obtained any necessary permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please see the Copyright and Permissions page on the SAGE Author Gateway.

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6. On acceptance and publication

6.1 SAGE Production

Your SAGE Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be made available to the corresponding author via our editing portal SAGE Edit or by email, and corrections should be made directly or notified to us promptly. Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate. Please note that if there are any changes to the author list at this stage all authors will be required to complete and sign a form authorising the change.

6.2 Online First publication

Online First allows final articles (completed and approved articles awaiting assignment to a future issue) to be published online prior to their inclusion in a journal issue, which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. Visit the SAGE Journals help page for more details, including how to cite Online First articles.

6.3 Access to your published article

SAGE provides authors with online access to their final article.

6.4 Promoting your article

Publication is not the end of the process! You can help disseminate your paper and ensure it is as widely read and cited as possible. The SAGE Author Gateway has numerous resources to help you promote your work. Visit the Promote Your Article page on the Gateway for tips and advice. In addition, 

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7. Further information

Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to the The Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh editorial office as follows:

Graeme P Currie
Editor in Chief
orcid.org/0000-0002-5711-9147
Graeme.currie@nhs.net

7.1 Appealing the publication decision

Editors have very broad discretion in determining whether an article is an appropriate fit for their journal. Many manuscripts are declined with a very general statement of the rejection decision. These decisions are not eligible for formal appeal unless the author believes the decision to reject the manuscript was based on an error in the review of the article, in which case the author may appeal the decision by providing the Editor with a detailed written description of the error they believe occurred.

If an author believes the decision regarding their manuscript was affected by a publication ethics breach, the author may contact the publisher with a detailed written description of their concern, and information supporting the concern, at publication_ethics@sagepub.com

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