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Guiding Change in Special Education

Guiding Change in Special Education
How to Help Schools With New Ideas and Practices

Foreword by Maurice McInerney

January 2004 | 296 pages | Corwin
The book presents a seven-stage model of school change (and sustained change) designed specifically to help schools move to integrated and improved services for special education students. The primary audience is the `linking' agent - the administrator who is responsible for helping direct the school's efforts, be it the headteacher, the special education director, the staff development leader, or some other administrator within the school. Because the model is intended first for site trial, then district-wide reform, the audience expands to include other administrators and teachers that are involved in the process.
Maurice McInerney
About the Authors
Case Study
Stage 1. Care: Establishing the Need for Action
Someone Must Care Enough to Make It All Worthwhile

A Three-Step Model of Change: Unfreeze-Move-Refreeze

How School Systems Show (and Don't Show) That They Are in Trouble

Inside Versus Outside Forces

Linking Agent as Connector and Orchestrator of Forces

Whose Responsibility? The Value Issues in Helping

Care: Summary

Stage 2. Relate: Building a Relationship
Build a Good Relationship With the People You Are Trying to Help

Diagram Your School or School District as a Social Network

Linker Configurations

How to Size Up Your Relationship

Final Word on Relationship Building

Relate: Summary

Stage 3. Examine: Understanding the Problem
Turn Cares Into Problems You Can Solve

Making a Good Diagnosis

The Data Collection Phase

The Analytic Phase

Making a Diagnostic Inventory

Systemic Analysis: Understanding the System

A Data Collection Process

A Set of Rating Dimensions

Creating a Diagnostic Matrix/Checklist That Points to Solutions

Integrating Diagnosis With the Other Stages

Examine: Summary

Stage 4. Acquire: Seeking and Finding Relevant Resources
The Money Theory of Change

The People Theory of Change

The Knowledge Theory of Change

Acquiring Materials (= Packaged Knowledge)

Acquire: Summary

Stage 5. Try: Moving From Knowledge to Action
Giving a Fair Trial to a Well-Considered Solution

Pretrial Feasibility Testing: Comparing and Selecting the Best

Plan the Implementation

What Is the Process?

How Can You Evaluate Process?

What Are the Outcomes?

Can You Measure Outcomes?

Cautions on Evaluation

Using the Results

Sharing With Your Team

Try: Summary

Stage 6. Extend: Gaining Deeper and Wider Acceptance
Issues About Adoption and Diffusion

Solidifying Adoption at the Trial Site (Keeping Going)

Expanding Change at the Trial Site

Extending the Trial to Proximate Sites (Follow-On Adoption)

Extending Adoption to the Larger System

Variations of the Adoption Curve

Going Wider: Strategies and Tactics (The Second Stage of Diffusion)

Extend: Summary

Stage 7. Renew: Encouraging Ongoing Change
How Do Systems Absorb Changes?

Improve the Process

Keep the Change Fresh

Create a Self-Renewal Capacity

From Item Change to System Change

Installing the Change Function

Terminating and Moving On

Renew: Summary

Summary and Synthesis

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ISBN: 9780761939658
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