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AIDS in Asia

AIDS in Asia
The Challenge Continues

First Edition
Edited by:
  • Jai P Narain - National Centre for Disease Control, New Delhi, India

April 2009 | 396 pages | SAGE India
AIDS poses an unprecedented health and developmental threat the world over including Asia. Ever since it emerged in the early 1980s, it has been spreading rapidly across continents and devastating millions of lives. In the process it has stretched the health-care systems and wrecked the economies and social fabric of many societies. Developing countries, including those in Asia—which has the second highest number of people living with HIV/AIDS—are the most seriously affected. In Asian countries, the problem is compounded by the lack of awareness, poverty, and inadequate funds and infrastructure.

This important and comprehensive volume focuses on the epidemiological and programmatic aspects of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Asia. The contributors discuss the dynamics and determinants of HIV and cover a wide range of pertinent topics related to prevention, care and treatment. These include:

- The health, economic, socio-cultural and security dimensions of HIV/AIDS
- Success stories in HIV prevention and care including 100% condom programme
- Antiretroviral treatment and the “3 by 5” initiative
- Management of HIV and sexually-transmitted infections
- Drug-related HIV
- HIV vaccine development
- The role of NGOs
- Country-specific HIV reports

The contributors highlight the lessons learned in Asia in responding to the challenge posed by HIV and the success achieved by many countries. In addition to HIV prevention, facilitating access to care—including antiretroviral treatment—despite the many problems is now a matter of crucial importance. Scaling up of innovative approaches proven effective elsewhere is also a matter of great urgency.

This volume will be invaluable for all those engaged in combating HIV throughout the world. In particular, it will be of immense use to all those involved in HIV/AIDS control programmes, public health professionals, health care workers, policy makers, health administrators, as also international agencies and NGOs and community-based organizations.
Message from the Director-General, WHO
Message from the Regional Director, WHO/SEARO
Jai P Narain
AIDS in Asia
The Epidemic Profile and Lessons Learnt so Far

J Nelsen and B Melgaard
The Economic and Security Dimensions of HIV/AIDS in Asia
Ahmed S Latif
The Pandemic of HIV Infection
Lessons from Africa

Wiwat Rojanapithayakorn
The 100 Per Cent Condom Use Programme
A Success Story

Heiner Grosskurth and Gurumurthy Rangaiyan
Management and Control of Sexually-Transmitted Infections and Their Implications for AIDS Control in South-East Asia
Jai P Narain and Charlie Gilks
The `3 by 5' Initiative
Challenges and Opportunities for Asia

Swarup Sarkar, Anindya Chatterjee and Anne Bergenstrom
Drug-Related HIV in South and South-East Asia
Anupong Chitwarakorn
HIV/AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Infections in Thailand
Lessons Learned and Challenges Ahead

Mohammed Shaukat and Salil Panakadan
HIV/AIDS in India
Problem and Response

Shen Jie et al
The China HIV/AIDS Epidemic and Current Response
B K Suvedi
The AIDS Situation in Nepal
Iyanthi Abeyewickreme
HIV/AIDS in Sri Lanka
Problem and the Response

A. Bergenstrom
Response in a post-conflict setting - HIV and vulnerability in Afghanistan
Myint Zaw
Prevention of Transfusion transmissible HIV in Myanmar
Ying-Ru Lo
Trends in Preventing Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV - Emerging Issues
Subhash K Hira
Occurrence and Management of Opportunistic Infections Associated with HIV/AIDS in Asia
Jai P Narain
The Challenge of HIV/TB in Asia
E Pontali et al
Antiretroviral Treatment in Resource-Limited Settings
Ranjit Roy Chaudhury
Enhancing Access to ARV in the Developing Countries
Sombat Thanprasertsuk et al
Developing a National Antiretroviral Programme for People with HIV/AIDS
Experience of Thailand

Waranya Teokul
Social and Cultural Dimensions of HIV/AIDS
Teresita Bagasao
NGOs in Asia - Key Partners in the Fight against AIDS
Jose Esparza and Saladin Osmanov
Current Issues in HIV Vaccine Development
Jean-Louis Excler
HIV Vaccine Development in Asia

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